GitHub Named the 10 most Popular Programming Languages

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The service for hosting IT projects GitHub has published a rating of the most popular programming languages ​​for 2020. The list is compiled based on the number of updates and new repositories in the given language.

Today, more than 56 million developers use GitHub. Since the beginning of 2020, more than 60 million new repositories have appeared – 35% more than in 2019 – the number of updates has reached 1.9 billion.

The most active developers were from North America: 34% of service users live in Canada and the USA – 2% less than a year ago. The number of Asian developers reached 30.7% – 1.1% more than last year.

The average time of merge (merging new and existing code) was 7.5 hours – 18% less than last year’s level. According to analysts, despite the remoteness, teams began to interact more actively and development accelerated.

In addition, GitHub has compiled a ranking of the most popular programming languages ​​with which its users work.

10. Ruby

This open-source programming language was created by Japanese scientist Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995 and has since become one of the most popular. Ruby has been used to build GitHub, Twitter, and Kickstarter.

9. Shell

Shell is a command interpreter for performing actions in operating systems of the UNIX family. Its scripts are used, for example, to automate software updates.

8. C

C, created by Dennis Ritchie in 1972, is the predecessor to programming languages ​​such as C ++, Java, C #, JavaScript, and Perl. The C language is used for developing low-level applications since it is closest to the hardware language.

7. C++

C lacked object handling. To solve this problem, C ++ was developed in 1986. Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Winamp, and the Adobe product line were developed with C ++.

6. PHP

PHP is one of the most popular backend programming languages. It was used to build Facebook and Yahoo.

5. C#

C #, which belongs to the Microsoft family of programming languages, was developed in 2000. C # is commonly used by back-end developers, including Bing, Dell, Visual Studio and MarketWatch, Unity game developers, and Windows, Android, and iOS app developers.

4. Typescript

Typescript is a web application development language that extends JavaScript. The language developer is Anders Hejlsberg, who also contributed to Turbo Pascal, Delphi, and C#.

3. Java

The language was developed by James Gosling in 1990 at Sun Microsystems. The peculiarity of Java is that it is the first object-oriented programming language. Web applications for Twitter, LinkedIn, Amazon and eBay are written in Java. It is also the official language for building Android apps.

2. Python

Python was developed by Guido Van Rossum in 1991. It contains the YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram apps. Python has also been used to create video games, including Civilization IV and Vegas Trike.

1. JavaScript

It is a high-level dynamic scripting language. It is most commonly used to create interactive web pages and applications. For example, JavaScript is responsible for autocompleting the Google search bar.

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